Mythoughts regarding the gathering of different disorders under theumbrella term of “ spectrum disorder” within the DSM-5 isappropriate. The reason for this is that the same individualsreceived different diagnoses from different physicians, based on thesame symptoms. Therefore, it is wiser to consider these disorders asthe same ailment with differing severity. In this regards therefore,I wholly support the folding of Asperger Syndrome into the “Spectrum” basket as this ensures that treatment of individuals isbased on specific needs patterns, rather than conformity to narrowailment categories that they may not necessarily fit into [ CITATION Hap11 l 1033 ].The classification of Asperger within the autism spectrum disorder isfurther fitting since within the DSM-IV, an Asperger diagnosis wasonly given if the individual failed to match the autistic disordercriteria. The only criteria that distinguishes Asperger from autismare cognitive delay and lack of language, both of which are notautistic diagnostic criteria.
has been shown to be linked to the manifestation of special talentsor abilities within individuals, and recent research has revealedthat as many as one in three autistic people may have suchextraordinary abilities. The best example of such occurs through thephenomenon referred to as savant syndrome, which affects people withmajor cognitive difficulties, often caused by autism. Therefore, eventhough there is no direct correlation or causation between autism anddevelopment of special abilities and talents, a significant portionof this group possess exceptional abilities. However, even the DSM-5fails to acknowledge the existence of such exceptional abilitieswithin autistic individuals due to the low percentage of extremelygifted people suffering from this disorder [ CITATION Car13 l 1033 ].
Carpenter, L. (2013, February). DSM-5 AUTISM SPCTRUM DISORDERS. Retrieved from washington.edu: https://depts.washington.edu/dbpeds/Screening%20Tools/DSM-5(ASD.Guidelines)Feb2013.pdf
Happe, F. (2011, March 29). Why fold the Asperger Syndrome into autism spectrum disorder in the DSM-5? Retrieved from Spectrumnews.org: https://spectrumnews.org/opinion/viewpoint/why-fold-asperger-syndrome-into-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-the-dsm-5/