Article #1: Morphin Power Ranger Program
Boyatzis, Gina and Matillo aimed to investigate how the TV programknown as Morphin Power Ranger influence children behavior. Theresearchers found that Morphin Power Ranger Program increasesaggressive behavior among the young boys. The young children tried toemulate violent behaviors displayed such as karate kicks and couldoften practice them on their peers. Independent variable included thenumber of times Morphin Power Ranger is aired. Dependent variableswere the anxiety level among the children and level of aggressiontowards others. The researchers employed naturalist observationmethod on 52 children (Boyatzis, Matillo & Nesbitt, 1995). Theyused the observation research method, as it was the most effectiveafter children had been shown videotapes. I think it is advantageousat it takes less time to gather information. I think bias is themajor limitation as observers may mistaken actual behavior of thesampled children. I would be interested in determining how thechildren who watch Morphin Power Ranger would interact with others infuture. I am interested because interaction is imperative for thecognitive development of young children.I think survey methodwould be the most suitable as it would give accurate results frompeers of children watching the Morphin Power Ranger.
Article #2: Cyber-Bullying (Christina Downey and Allison Morrow)
Downey and Allison Morrow aimed to investigate who should bear theblame in case of cyber-bulling situations. According to theirdiscussion, cyber-bulling via social networking has rooted with lessaction being undertaken. The results from 163 participants indicatedthat cyber-bulling violates human beings freedom, and should bepunished (Morrow & Downey, 2013). Nevertheless, the researchersfound that some individuals especially college students use socialidentities to increase their fame. As a result, they should bear theblame, as they are the initiators. Dependent variables included theimportance of punishment for bullying, the predictability ofreactions for the bullied individuals and blame of the perpetrator.The independent variables were victimization experience and bullyingtype. The researchers utilized both sample survey and experimentalresearch methods. They use sample survey to obtain vignettes (pastexperiences) and experiment to obtain various views regardingcyber-bulling. I think the methods were advantageous as the use ofrandom samples increases the degree of accuracy. I think Timeconsuming was the main disadvantage of the research method.Researchers spent enormous time collecting vignettes and conductingan experiment on various individuals. I would be interested inresearching the most suitable punishment for the cyber-bullies. Aminterested cyber-bullying is likely to become a menace in future byintimidating successful individuals. I think I will use samplesurvey method to obtain views regarding improvement from the affectedindividuals.
Article #3: E-Cigarette Use
Ji-Yeun, Hsien-Chang, and Dong-Chul purposed to research whethere-cigarette was associated with youths who intended to quit smoking,experimenters or youths who have never smoked. The results were thatthe youths who have experimented or smoked traditional cigarettes aremore susceptible to e-cigarettes compared to their counterparts whohad never smoked (Park, Seo & Lin 2016). The dependent variableswere youth experimenters, purposes to quit smoking and the intentionof never-smoking individuals to use cigarettes. The independentvariable was the future preferred method of smoking. The researchersutilized Case Study research method from National Tobacco Survey onYouths. I think the research method was economical, as it requiredonly a computer and analytical knowledge. I think the method issubject to error if the case study was not properly conducted. Iwould be interested in determining why the youths prefere-cigarettes. I am interested because e-cigarette has the high levelof toxins and thus dangerous to human health. I would use samplesurvey method. I think it is the best, as cigarette-smoking youthswill give their perceptions after an interview.
Boyatzis, C.J., Matillo, G. M., & Nesbitt, K. M. (1995). Effects of the"Mighty Morphin Power Rangers" on children`s aggression withpeers. ChildStudy Journal.
Morrow, A., &Downey, C. A. (2013). Perceptions of adolescent bullying:Attributions of blame and responsibility in cases ofcyber‐bullying. Scandinavianjournal of psychology, 54(6),536-540.
Park, J. Y.,Seo, D. C., & Lin, H. C. (2016). E-cigarette use and intention toinitiate or quit smoking among US youths. Americanjournal of public health, 106(4),672-678.