AmericansInvolvement in Historical Change
AmericansInvolvement in Historical Change
Thecivil war of 1861 creates part of the significant American history.It is the foundation of most politics. It was as a result of tensionthat had built up between the North and South America. The issuesbringing up the tension were mainly regarding the federal authority,human rights and the matters concerning slavery. The civil warresolved two core issues that had been left unresolved after theAmerican Revolution. One, it cleared out the question as to whetherthe United States could be a dissolvable sovereign state or a singleunified nation with its sovereignty and national government.Secondly, it sorted out the question as to whether it would continueto be the largest country in the world that benefited from slaverydespite its earlier stand that all men were created having equalrights in respect to liberty. As such, this paper is set out to showthe contribution of the American people to the occurrence of thecivil war of 1861 and show how little or big the contribution was.
Causeof the Civil War
TheAmerican historical change was triggered by the Civil War that beganon 12th April 1861. This was a result of momentous events prior toit. One of the most important causes of the need for change was theconflict relating to slavery existing in America. The causes of theCivil War can be associated to the impact of slavery and difficultiesarising between South and North of America. Known facts based on theexisting documents obtained from the era of the Civil War reveal thatnearly all the key political issues controversial in nature betweenthe 1850s and 1860s mainly deal with the subject of slavery. Thisissue had become contentious even earlier before the AmericanRevolution took place [ CITATION Enc11 l 1033 ].
Contributionof the American People towards the Civil War
Thestruggle is believed to have begun in 1619. This was because of theoffloading of the first slaves from a ship originating from Spain inJamestown, which was a Virginia colony. The protests againstpracticed slavery began in the late 1600s after the people took intoconsideration the meaning of Thomas Jefferson`s word. Jefferson hadstated, “All men are created equal.” This marked the start of theneed for reforms mainly calling for the abolition of slavery. As aresult of Jefferson’s efforts, slavery became prohibited in mostterritories. (Benjamin Banneker, public exchange with ThomasJefferson (1791)
LikemindedAmericans sharing Jefferson’s ideology called for support to allcitizens who loved their country pre-eminently. They also called forall adopted citizens of intellectual and moral worth to stand up tosecure their compatriots. They focused on creating politicalprotection in terms of safety of individuals and their properties.They also advocated for the reporting of grievances. (Declaration ofPrinciples of the Native American Convention 1845)
Asone of the people promoting change, Thomas Whiteney acknowledged thatthere were previously millions of people who were allowing fewindividuals to think for them politically. However, he took theinitiative to motivate others to think for themselves, read forthemselves, and moreover, to understand for themselves. As such, thepopulation was enlightened, and the dictation from outside parties orfactions was done away with. He believed that it would be much betterif also the religious and civil societies would do likewise alongsidetheir countrymen. The Americans were enlightened to identify theproblem of leaving few men to design and run the country. They hadalso permitted them to rule over them. This had led the country tofall into the void of national chaos and anarchy. Whitney furtherstates that for too long they had worshiped “hard cider” and“hickory poles”. This was a motivation for other individuals todemand reforms to matters regarding federal authority [ CITATION Eri16 l 1033 ].
TheAmericans envisioned a state of permanent nationality which could beachievable only where there was perfect homogeneousness among thepeople. They took issue with the democracy being practiced duringthat period. This is because, during the period under consideration,it felt as if democracy implied universal suffrage. In addition, itcould be thought as the right for all men to be part of state controlwithout regarding morals, intelligence, or the principles of man. Theperiod prior to the 1980s portrayed democracy as freedom withoutlimit, licenses with no control, or even impulse actions withoutjudgment. The Americans from the South relied heavily on slavery. Theprior American Revolution had called for equal treatment of everyperson, and by practicing slavery, this ideology was not beingaffected [ CITATION Org11 l 1033 ].
IndividualsCredited to Promoting the Civil War
ThomasJefferson, unlike most leaders in a similar role, promoted the ideaof the end of slavery. He advocated that the African Americans wereindividuals who were meant to live like other humans. They were freehuman beings and should not be owned like properties by fellow humanbeings. Though he did not think of the African Americans as beingdemocratic and knowledgeable, he preferred that they would rather beempowered by colonization to be able to exercise their freedoms. Bybanning slavery, he created a rift between the North and the Southwhich largely depended on slavery. This is one of the core causes ofthe civil war of 1860 [ CITATION The111 l 1033 ].
Someof the African-Americans without knowing had created a platform forthe civil war. In the case of Harrier Robinson, she trusted theAmerican courts that she decided to fight for her freedom by filingcourt cases. Despite the challenges she and her family encountered,she was determined to get her freedom. By filing the suit and stayingwith it until its conclusion indicates her determination and courageto attaining freedom. (Harriet Robinson, autobiography, 1831-1836)
Onhis part, Alexis de Tocqueville had admired the equality concept aspracticed in the United States. He saw that all people were friendlyto each other and that they held each other as equals. However, healso noted that the Blacks were treated as property while the Indianswere handled as outsiders. Moreover, women lost their individualityonce they got married. As such, equality only applied to the adultwhite men [ CITATION sag11 l 1033 ].They are the individuals who were entitled to full citizenshiprights. From his view, de Tocqueville the equality in the UnitedStates left him fascinated making it different from the rest of theworld. Without knowing, his publication was a source of motivationtowards the civil wars most of the northerners were of the idea ofhuman rights and total freedom to all. Freedom to women, Indians, andthe black persons[ CITATION How11 l 1033 ].
TheAmerican people played a huge role in the civil war of 1861. Based onthe oppressing nature of the federal system in the south, theconflict between the North and South escalated. The AmericanRevolution that had taken place earlier had failed to meet some ofthe expectation. The American people who believed in the rule of lawand the right to freedom played a significant role in creating thewar. As a result, the American people played a significant role inthe civil war both knowingly and unknowingly.
Encyclopedia.com.(2011). CivilWar (1861–65).Retrieved fromhttp://www.encyclopedia.com/history/united-states-and-canada/us-history/american-civil-war
Foner,E. (2016). CivilWar and Reconstruction, 1861-1877.Retrieved fromhttps://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-by-era/essays/civil-war-and-reconstruction-1861-1877
Organizationof American Historians. (2011). Interchange: Nationalism andInternationalism in the Era of the Civil War. TheJournal of American History,455-489.
Sageamericanhistory.(2011). APPROACHTO CIVIL WAR: AMERICA IN THE 1840s & 1850s.Retrieved fromhttp://sageamericanhistory.net/civilwar/topics/background_1850s.html
SenecaFalls. (2011). The Seneca Falls Women`s Rights Convention and theOrigin of the Women`s Righs Movement. 15-186.
Zinn,H. (2011). A People’s History of the United States. 1-622.