Democracycan be regarded as the oldest art of the United States. After the USAgot its independence, the people came up with a Constitution, whichgave its citizens rights and privileges that they could enjoy freely,and it became the rule of law(Sadurski, 2014).Over time, this instrument of liberty and freedom was used as areference point by various arms of government to streamlinegovernance. Looking keenly at America’s democracy, despite havingsome few loopholes and disadvantages, it is one of the best inproviding freedom and liberties to its citizens.
Somevarious clauses, which did not tally with the principle of freedomand liberty were repealedso that it could serve its purpose effectively as the supreme law ofthe land. In it, the jurisdiction of states and the federalgovernment are outlined, and some of the ideas were borrowed from themistakes that resulted from cessation of various states from theUnion(Morone, 2014).This led to the formation of laws, which would detail operations andduties of federal and state government.
Moreover,it stipulated how the power of the government would be distributedand the independence among its arms. To make the nation moredemocratic, people were allowed to elect leaders as they wished bothfrom their respective states and chose a president and vice fornational government. As population patterns were not equallydistributed, it was necessary that national leaders be chosen throughthe college vote, which was a good system to favor the minoritystates making sure that the president is elected countrywide and notby few states (Morone, 2014).Though in many instances presidential candidates with a nationalpopular vote have won, in some five incidences that has not been thecase.
Furthermore,to protect people from tyranny, oppression and to oversee, andsmoothen the principle of democracy various stipulations were made.For instance, people were allowed to democratically elect leadersthat they wished to govern states and the country (Morone, 2014).Also, various interest groups together with the opposition could keepthe elected leaders in check through demanding for accountability andexposing them to the public through the freedom of speech or judicialprocedures.
Tobegin with, America’s democracy can be well elaborated by theexistence of the Constitution, which has empowered and given peopleprivileges to enjoy(Sprungk, 2013).In it, various powers of the state and federal governments aredetailed, and in case there in no clear line, the Congress in somematter has been given the role in deciding what to do, while in some,the states have been given jurisdiction to decide the way forward(Morone, 2014).This enables the two government to both have their ways the bestpractice of democracy.
Moreover,various states have the mandate to make their laws, which areapplicable to them. This was necessary as to accommodate thediversity of people, which is attributed to different ethnicities,geographical areas, religion, and resources among other factors.However, in cases where there were issues between members ofdifferent states, the federal government has the mandate to solve thematter through federal courts (Morone, 2014).
Thus,by giving people what they want through the working of statesgovernment and their constitutions, which fit them, the U.S.Constitution manages to unite people of various backgrounds(Sadurski,2014).This has proven to be the greatest asset, which has been witnessed intimes of tragedy like 9/11 and war times. To bring consistency andharmony in the operations of state and national government, Article4, Section 1A stipulates that states should honor federal governmentlaws and theirs.
Moreover,states can have representation in the national government through thelegislative body, the Congress, which influences most of the laws andregulations passed by the government of the day (Morone, 2014).Thus, by allowing the states to work individually meeting the needsof their people by delivering customer made services and regulationsto citizens, while at the same time having one united nationalgovernment, reduces the friction among states and marginalization,which in turn increases coexistence.
Themajor weakness that the U.S. Constitution has in giving powers to theCongress to make law is that political parties are using that totheir advantage and making sure that the House has a majority oftheir representatives so that they can influence policies(Sidlow & Henschen, 2013).As a result, a government that comes into power can repeal a clausethat was passed by another as long as they have the necessarynumbers. Meaning, a congress that is driven by self-interest can passregulations that greatly impact the people negatively.
Recommendationto Maintain Strength
Toensure that unity prevails among the states and the federalgovernment, there is a need for the ruling party to avoidmarginalization or disregard for state government interests, to avoidwhat led to the cessation of southern states from the Union.Moreover, the federal government should not keep on interfering inmatters of state governments if it does not have the mandate orjurisdiction to do so (Sidlow& Henschen, 2013).This in turn, will help the two coexist just as they appreciate eachother’s differences. Moreover, at state level, no government shouldfeel that it is greater than that of another state.
Theweakness of U.S Constitution of enabling the majority party inCongress to make regulation and remove others as they can, can becorrected by making sure that people elect patriotic leaders drivenby the interest of people and not the vehicles to the house.
Thisis a system of government where the power of national government isseparated from state one. Federalism provides a unique advantagewhere the national government can monitor broad issues like nationaltrade and security, while state ones dedicate themselves to regionaldevelopment and local issues (Sidlow& Henschen, 2013).The federal administration during Obama reign introduced theAffordable Care Act, which provided a cover for the less privileged.This enabled these people to acquire health services at affordablecost showing the importance of federal policies.
However,the Act was met with a lot of negatives such as high premium costabove being implemented in a time when the economy was sluggishlyrecovering. As a consequence, there was an increase in national debt,which angered the people and the consequence of this was that thegovernment was voted out. Donald Trump campaign trail was about howObama Affordable Care is bad and how he would repeal and replace itwith something better.
Tomaintain the Affordable Care Act, the new federal government with theoutgoing one must help each other in understanding its principles andput the interest of the people first. Moreover, it should not beabout whose legacy, but the common good that people derive as peopletry to change regimes to avoid one legacy dominating over the other.
Toimprove the weaknesses, Trump administration with the help of Obama’smust come together and design a workable Act with the help of expertsas the two can help each other in sharing ideas on what should bekept and what should be eliminated. Currently, Trump and Ryan statedthat the Republicans were going to keep some part of the Act meaningthat it had some desirable characteristics.
Ina government, the legislative arm has been considered instrumental asit can make policies and regulations. This mandate has beenstipulated in the constitution and has an impact on the wholepopulace. The house represents the interest of people as they areelected representatives. However, the House of Representatives andthe Senate need to pass a bill for it to become law. When arepresentative or Senator has a motion, he will present a draft tothe house where it will deliberated. If it gets majority votes, itwill be passed to the other house and be scrutinized and then eitherbecome law through the president’s signature or letting it be orvetoing it. As the legislative body enjoys the mandate to lay andcollect duties, imposts, excises and taxes to carter for debts andprovide for common defense, they are able to control a lot ofresources and influence economic growth (Burman& Slemrod, 2013).
Despitethat, the Congress has been limited not to interfere with stateability to import a person or allow migration in any state. Moreover,Congress cannot demand a duty or tax exceeding $10 (Burman& Slemrod, 2013).
ToMaintain Strength and Correct Weakness
ForCongress to maintain the powers it has, it needs to strengthen theposition national government plays in the Constitution, while on theother hand, the weakness can be corrected through a referendum oraccommodating the Article as democracy is all about the win-winsituation.
Politicalparties play a very crucial role in the formation of politicalopinions and ideas and influencing the direction in which the countryis heading(Duignan, 2013).They articulate and aggregate social interest of the population asthey are an instrument of power through which leadership comes to bethrough elections. Through a sane political party, the people canenjoy good governance and leadership as this can be reflected in theformulation of policies that favor the people (Duignan,2013).
Despitepolitical parties being vehicles of social and economic development,some individuals can use them for personal gain (Hofmeister& Grabow, 2011).This might pose a threat if there is a legislation that is requiredand poses a threat to the party’s interest. Moreover, a politicalparty can be forced to protect its candidate irrespective of his/hernonperformance as is one of theirs. The effect of this is thatdevelopment agenda and good governance might be derailed.
MaintainingStrength and Correcting Weakness
Onthe other hand, political parties can strengthen democracy bycreating an environment where the ruling one can be criticized bythose not in power as they will be able to act as public watchdogs.This, in turn, will promote the principal democracy(Wang & Jia, 2015).Finally, to help parties not to put their interest above those of thepublic, they should align their interests with those of the citizensto avoid goal conflict, and in the case where they clash, public goodshould always prevail(Hofmeister & Grabow, 2011).This, in turn, will lead to the formation of selfless politicalparties and their candidates will also emulate those principles.This, in turn, will lead to the constructive development of policiesand agendas.
Thus,the U.S. Constitution has been the instrument, which ensures peopleto enjoy their democratic rights and privileges and yet it has alsogiven the Congress power to make laws, which can be manipulated bypolitical parties to make policies that suit them and not the public.However, this can be corrected by instilling patriotism. Furthermore,the constitution has also allowed the operation of federalism, whichenables two system government to coexist.
Therefore,development can be fostered equally across the states. Moreover,democracy has made it possible to have the legislative arm ofgovernment, which is concerned with the making of bills and iscomposed of House of Representatives and Senate. Thus, America’sdemocracy has some tiny weaknesses and loopholes however, it thebest in providing freedom and liberties to its citizens.
Burman, L.,& Slemrod, J. (2013). Taxesin America: What everyone needs to know.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Duignan, B.(2013). Politicalparties, interest groups, and elections.New York, NY: Britannica Educational Pub. in association with RosenEducational Services.
Hofmeister, W.,& Grabow, K. (2011). Politicalparties: Functions and organization in democratic societies.Singapore: Konrad Adenauer Stiftung.
Morone, J. A.(2014). Americanby the people: debating government.
Sadurski, W.(2014). Judicial review and protection of constitutional rights.Rightsbefore courts,145-166. doi:10.1007/978-94-017-8935-6_5
Sidlow, E.,& Henschen, B. (2013). Govt:Student edition.Boston, MA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Sprungk, C.(2013). A new type of representative democracy? Reconsidering therole of national parliaments in the European Union. Journalof European Integration,35(5),547-563. doi:10.1080/07036337.2013.799944
Wang, J.,& Jia, S. (2015). The contemporary value of patriotism.Advancesin Applied Sociology,05(05),161-166. doi:10.4236/aasoci.2015.55015