Iselected a book called IntroducingEthics thatwas originally published in 2008 by AK Press Publishing house. DaveRobinson is the author of this controversial book that exposes therelationships of ethics across a variety of ethnic cultures. His bookhas a general look in nationalism and individualism in focus to thesubject under discussion. The writer of this book also puts the riftin thoughts between fundamentalism and nationalism under center asthe themes of discussion.
Thebook is focused on discussing the how people perceive and placeopinions depending on personal choices and its consequences in thechanged world and diverse ethnic approaches to the topics ofdiscussion. Subjectivism is seen to stay adrift from realism in thecontext of the discussion as individual opinions are treated verypersonal. The author tries to expound on how the different views havevaried responses from being particular about what the generalpopulation holds. The discussion is also found to base on culturalconservativeness of various ethnic communities all over the worldranging from Africa, Europe, Asia, Middle East and the Far East atlarge.
Thetopic relativism which holds a dogma of the truth about certainknowledge truth or morality as being into existence with relation tothe available culture, society or even a historical reference isbeing discussed to prove if they are indeed baseless or real. It isimportant to select this topic so that the argument and the notionsbeing held in place over an extended period be demystified. Some ofthe virtues positive or negative might have originated fromindividuals who then suppress the whole society to accepting theconcept which has baseless arguments. Observing the writer`s pointsof reference prompted me to choose this topic so as some light can beshade concerning the relativism of these facts from lies. From thearguments, it is very open that there lacks validity to claim thatsome moralities are culturally based. From the exposition, we alsocome to understanding the objectivism.
Inthis passage, the authors are keen on developing a concept to putacross the differences and relativeness that are linked against andto the moralities, knowledge and some truths of facts held on to bythe society. I chose this passage because it exposes the facts fromwhat most people hang old purporting a wrong message in some cases.For instance, in the passage, the author discusses how individuals`approach against alcoholism would be about cultures that surround thedistinct populations. In this statement, relativism can be stronglyargued for by claiming that the immorality at question is as muchaccepted by the society and cultures just as thought by individuals.The concept of relativism helps to identify how wrong or right is agiven moral and that it is what the general population feelsinconclusiveness.
Theauthor is actively supporting subjectivism as he claims that it mightnot rely on the society as a whole but morality would at some casesmatch for two or more individuals. It would not be wise to ignoresuch behavior as the outcome as judged by the society would result towhat most people think. That means that relativism is existing andeven some decisions made by individuals are influenced by what thesociety they come from upholds. If for instance you were born in acultural background that has harsh punishment against adultery andpeople of that community have branded it immoral then it would be theopinion of most people from this society. Some of the activities andbehaviors in a context such as drinking would be very impulsive tothink that if it affects an individual them, the community is safefrom it. There exists a close relationship between relativism andsubjectivism, but rather the author helps us discover that it wouldbe meaningless if only we relate the occurrence or wrongdoing topersonal weaknesses.
Acknowledgingother authors has been a far-reaching approach which contributes toavoiding plagiarism. Sharing an idea of another writer is not wrong,but a close look at what has been covered before on a similar topicgives light to the reader and also it makes the topic interesting asthe thoughts can be easily related. According to Oakeshott`sargument, humanity is constructed on what we hear and the activitieswe participate. He says we inherit most of our beliefs whichcontribute to relativism as being into existence. In case a societywas based on and individual’s norms and ways of life they thegeneral population of the proceeding generations would live to upholdthat behavior. Therefore, personal judgments would always come laterafter several occasions in which other people utter negatively aboutwhat a given had been practicing earlier on, thus, seeking otherreferences is quite important to provide support of arguing against atopic.
Itis important to provide a citation of our information because itacknowledges the efforts of those authors who came before us.Similarly, they coming generations would consider it and therefore, agood way of creating rapport amongst the whole family of writers.This would help a writer to get auditors and co-writers for theirmaterials and thus contributing to the success of literature work. Insummary, we should care because writing is a source of income andthose writers whom you take their job are also seeking income if notacknowledged then the laws guiding the industry would scrap yourarticle, essays or book from the market which gives the audience abad impression towards an individual writer.
Robinson, D. (2008). Introducing Ethics. New York: AK Press.