AirPollution and the Effect it had on the Climate in 2014
Airpollution is responsible for many changes in the climate. Some of theobserved changes as a result of pollution include the warming of theatmosphere and ocean, diminishing of the amounts of both snow and iceas well as the increased level of the sea level. The earth hascontinuously become warmer each decade as a result of pollution since1850. A 2014 EPA study showed that carbon dioxide constitutes 81percent of the greenhouse gas emitted by countries whereas methaneconstituted 11 percent (IPCC, 2014). Carbon dioxide and methane aregood in trapping heat, leading to what is referred to as globalwarming.
Carbondioxide is produced by combustion of fossil fuels whereas methane isproduced mainly by industrial sources. Use of chemicals in airconditioners, as well as refrigerators, are known to producehydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) which are many times more powerful intrapping heat when compared with carbon dioxide. Based on thisargument, it is apparent that air pollution leads to the trapping ofheat which is responsible for the increasing warming of theatmosphere and ocean (IPCC, 2014). Similarly, warming of theatmosphere as a result of heat trap by produced gases leads to thedrop in the amounts of snow and ice. The melting of ice and snow is aclear indicator of climatic change. Snow cover contributessignificantly to the regulation of earth’s surface temperature.With the increased melting of snow as a result of air pollution,earth surface has become very warm. The increased level of the sea isalso as a result of the melting ice and snow, caused by hightemperature in the earth’s surface. The rise in sea level isevidenced by destructive erosion in addition to flooding of wetlands.
Inconclusion, air pollution contributed to rising in sea level,increased melting of snow and ice, and increased warming of theatmosphere and the ocean. All these changes portray the adverseeffects of air pollution on climate.
IPCC.(2014). ClimateChange 2014: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the IntergovernmentalPanel on Climate Change[Core Writing Team, R.K. Pachauri and L.A. Meyer (eds.)]. IPCC,Geneva, Switzerland, 151 pp.