HumanGrowth and Development Psychology: 205
Gary C. Forde Fall 2016
Recentresearch in neurobiological research and developmental theoryelaborates much about challenges that affect the individuals aged 18to 26 years (Viner, 2014). Arnett used the word emerging adulthood tocategorize the developmental phase of people between 18 and 26 yearsold. According to Arnett, emerging adulthood is characterized as theage of identity exploration, instability, self-focus, feelingin-between and possibilities and risks. As an age of identityexploration, the youngsters start to decide what they want whetherlove, school or work. There is uncertainty on potential life pathsand future possibilities which bring instability among emergingadults. The in-between involves the transition from adolescence toadulthood. Self-focus concerns greater self-agency, self-regulation,personal power and individual identity. The emerging adults may getdestabilized by risk factors based on social cultural, biological andpsychological aspects.
Anotherauthor integrates Arnett’s theory by arguing that, the concept oftransition to emerging adulthood involves three stages concerningleaving adolescence, experiencing young adulthood and being a youngadult. Every person must separate from the relatives and socializewith his or her peers including adults. Secondly, everyone shouldleave childhood and adolescence reliance and engage with the otherworld. Another aspect involves having self-identity as a capableindividual and who can be valued by the society. An individual shouldalso be able to choose a self-sufficient career for a good life(Viner, 2014). Finally, a young adult should develop self-regulated,practical and goal-directed life skills.
Neuroscienceresearch has revealed that the normality of brain maturity inemerging adults relies on these both psychosocial and developmentaldemands. Identical formation plays a critical role in biologicaladaptation and survival to the emerging adults. Emerging adulthood isconsidered as a middle period in maturation. In this stage,individuals need to feel secure and ambivalent, but fear anxiety orfeeling disorganized (Viner, 2014). They affect the self-integration,executive functioning, emotional regulation and motivation-rewardsystems of the emerging adults. The individual needs to be open topersonal associations that are safe, stimulating and nourishing whichare essential in optimal development in the functioning of the brain.Three principles guides can be used as a treatment design to emergingadults as discussed in the last part of the article.
Fromthe article, I can consider emerging adulthood as a tempting andterrifying stage of life. At this age, lifelong decisions are madeconcerning life issues such as employment, parenting, and religiousissues. The emerging adults can now be able to predict and getprepared for the future. After high school, young adults join collegeor live with romantic partners or peers. The individuals decide whatto do, where to go and who to be with before being limited by career,marriage, and children. The emerging youngsters consider taking theirresponsibilities, but they do not feel like adults. In many cases,the emerging adults have optimism in life. For example, they havehigh hopes of living better than their parents and getting lifelongpartners.
Individualscan easily engage in relationships leading to marriage without properpreparations. Most individuals are usually in college. Peer influenceis prevalent among the youths. Someone can engage into certainactivities like taking drugs and forming relationships which can ruinhis or her future life. In this regard, it is better to utilize allthe youthful age doing the significant things like studying to livean enjoyable future life. Addictions start at this stage due to peerinfluence. Young girls who engage in premature relationships can getearly pregnancies and drop out from school distracting their futuredreams. The parents and society should intervene and assist theyoungsters in making proper decisions concerning life.
Viner,J., (2014). Neuroscienceand Developmental Psychology.Retrievedfrom:https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/stalled-the-verge/201403/neuroscience-and-developmental-psychologyon 15th December, 2016.