ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT 1
Peerrelationships have an impact on the moral development of anadolescent in various ways. Brown and Theobald as cited in (Dolgin,2011) observed that peers are likely to influence each other’sbehaviors in several ways including normative expectations, peerpressure, modeling as well as structuring opportunities. Therefore,peers can either nurture one another to engage in good/morallyupright deeds or socially unacceptable actions. Moreover, thecultural background in which a set of adolescent friends belongsgoverns how they express themselves. According to Dolgin (2011),through the interaction with each other, they develop unique beliefsystems that either affects their morals in a positive or negativeway.
The adolescentcultures and subcultures are in some ways similar and different fromthe main culture. For instance, the youth culture is a term used todefine a subculture of adolescents that is characterized bybehaviors, mores, norms, values, and beliefs that differ from notonly the main culture, but also from the subcultures of the pastgenerations. Similar cultures include values that have been passedfrom one generation to the other. Some cultural and subculturesbeliefs affects the moral development of an adolescent because, atthis stage, they understand that their moral consequences are notonly relevant to self, but also to other people (Dolgin, 2011).Sometimes, adolescents can engage in youth cultures that are contraryto what they were taught by their parents.
The emotionalmaturity experienced at this age makes the teens closer to theirpeers than to their parents as they strive to achieve their identity.The peers become the first line of support. The sense of acceptanceand security has more influence on teens.
Dolgin, K. G.(2011). The adolescent: Development, relationships, and culture(13th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
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