Thedebate about abortion is a critical issue that has elicited differentfeelings and opinions in the society. Those in support of abortionoften identify person-centered reasons such as the choice of themother, protection of the mother’s life and health and other legalissues. At the same time, those who oppose abortion base theirarguments on matters such as the respect for all forms of human life,including the unborn, giving the chance to the right of life to theunborn, moral issues and others related to the protection of thechild. Regardless of the standpoints of different people, it isunquestionable that abortion is a critical matter that needs morethan just personal and group opinions. This is the reason whyabortion debates have taken the legal direction, meaning that thereare issues that have to be considered before a mother can abort or berestricted from aborting. There should be no rigid approach to theissue of abortion, instead, logic, the law, morality and evidenceshould be applied while making the decision.
One–sidedarguments on abortion
Aplethora of arguments that are against abortion is based on pro-lifereasoning. In this light, the people who oppose abortion say thatlife begins at conception (Alami 40). This would mean that abortionis tantamount to taking away the life of the innocent. Using thisreasoning, the people who oppose abortion hold the idea that it isdirect defiance of the sanctity of human life. In another context,there is an argument that abortion is uncivilized behavior. Bycarelessly taking away the life of another human, abortion is,therefore, treated as to being no different to murder. Another schoolof thought goes as far as providing a solution to the issue ofabortion by identifying adoption as a viable solution thataccomplishes the same results. Currently, there are millions offamilies in America that wish to adopt children (Metz 1). Thisstatistic, therefore, is used as the reason for fighting abortion andgiving the child a right to live. From a medical perspective, somestudies show that abortion leads to complications later in life(Singh, Prada and Juarez 71). Because of the nature of the procedure,it doubles the chance of miscarriage and other complications with awoman’s reproductive system.
Thearguments support abortion mainly based on the principles of personalliberty and choice. For a while, supporters of abortion have claimedthat since it is mainly carried out within the first trimester, themother’s health is not put at risk. Also, the concept of personhoodis applied in this matter (Kelso 1). Alongside the concept of humanlife, the supporters of abortion say that throwing away the spermsthat are not implanted is equal to abortion if the argument of murderis considered. Fundamentally, those supporting abortion say that itremains to be a mother’s choice. This is because a very smallpercentage of women who choose to give birth give up their children.Because of this, abortion is considered as a solution to do away withissues of abandoning children. From a medical perspective, abortionis considered as a safe procedure. It is also an option for cases ofincest or rape (Reardon 1). This argument, therefore, seems to bebased on the ideology of physical and psychological harm, purportingthat women can use these reasons to go on with abortion.
Thereshould be no rigid approach towards abortion, whether in support oropposition to it. This paper strongly recommends for the applicationof ethical and legal approaches to determining the need for abortion.Ideally, the arguments for total acceptance or total rejection ofabortion need to take into consideration facts that are involved. Forthose who are against abortion, they should consider the facts thatmay necessitate abortion. For instance, health issues for the motherand the child should be considered. It is factual that there arechildren who are born with life-threatening conditions, which cannotbe solved using contemporary medical procedures. These children endup suffering and dying not long after they are born. At the sametime, keeping some pregnancies may pose life-threatening risks to themother, therefore making abortion an option. Clearly, this makesethics and logic key guiding factors in considering abortion.
Onthe other hand, those who are in support of abortion should considerother factors that characterize humanity and the society. Abortionshould not be left to be a matter to be deliberated upon and decidedby the mother only. Doing this would be allowing systematic decay ofthe moral fabric of the society, as some women will be aborting atwill almost all the time. This way, the helpless lives of the unbornwill be ignored, which is clearly loss of the society’s moralresponsibility. As well, unregulated abortion would lead to a seriesof other social problems, such as denial of the right to have afamily and uncertainty for the future generations. Therefore, legalcontrol of abortion should be applied to protect individuals and thecommunity at large.
Still,some people continue to hold rigid opinions about abortion. There aresome major arguments against application of morals and the law indetermining abortion matters. For instance, some people hold the ideathat abortion is entirely a woman’s right and therefore, it shouldnot be limited by government actions. This school of thought is basedon the idea that the government claims no right to the embryo orfetus, that “the law against abortion exceeded the government’sauthority to interfere with the lives of women” (Kaposy 17). Aswell, those who are against the application of law in determiningabortion matters say that it could bar women from seeking the rightchannels to conducting an abortion. Because of this, they may end upseeking unsafe methods, hence putting their lives at risk.
Atthe same time, the matter of public opinion shapes the debate ofabortion by using moral and legal channels for decision making. In2015, many Americans were against the idea of applying the law indeciding issues of abortion by saying that the abortion laws were tooloose (Rifkin 1). At the same time, they opposed the use of the lawby arguing that the abortion laws are too strict and do not considerthe element of personal choice. From a moral perspective, religiousgroups say that abortion is totally unacceptable. This opinion ismore popular among the people who attend religious services regularlythan those who do not.
Themain basis for supporting the argument that the abortion debateshould be based on morality, facts and the law is because of thenature of the solutions that this approach provides. First, thisapproach opposes rigid and fixed thinking towards the matter. Byapplying the logic of morals, the mother and the unborn child’swelfare are taken into consideration. As well, this approach upholdsthe principle of respecting social morals and continuing thetraditional value for human life. By applying the law, abortion willbe regulated and if necessary, be conducted safely. The law shouldapply logic in considering the matter of abortion. For instance, asmuch as the mother’s opinion about the pregnancy counts, it wouldbe insensible to abort at will. The law, therefore, should considerthe reasons behind abortion, and at all times, apply evidence. Forinstance, it is proven beyond reasonable doubt that the pregnancyposes dire health consequences, then the mother can do away with itusing the right procedures. From a religious perspective, taking arigid standpoint against abortion, regardless of the underlyingfacts, is a show of ignorance. After applying moral reasoning to theissue, medical and legal facts should be established before thedecision to abort or not to abort is made.
Thisargumentative essay has shown that application of logic is key to thedebate on abortion. Accordingly, the law should be applied, alongsideprinciples of morality and the law. By doing this, facts should beestablished concerning the decision to either keep the fetus or getrid of it. The main reason for this approach is that the societyshould not maintain a rigid position about abortion. It is clear,from studies and existing facts, that there are some cases thatabortion cannot be ruled out. At the same time, there should beconcrete evidence to determine whether or not abortion is the rightdecision for the mother and the child. As well, for the sake of thecontinuity of the traditional respect for all life, abortion shouldbe regulated with strict application of evidence and facts for makingthe decision.
Alamri, Yassar Abdullah. "Islamand abortion." Journalof the Islamic Medical Association of North America 43.1(2011).
Kaposy, Chris. "Improvingabortion access in Canada." HealthCare Analysis18.1(2010): 17-34.
Kelso, R. Randall. "TheStructure of Planned Parenthood v. Casey Abortion Rights Law: `StrictScrutiny for Substantial Obstacles` on Abortion Choice and Otherwise`Reasonableness Balancing`." QuinnipiacLaw Review 2(2016).
Metz, Michelle Tham."Adoption." PostgraduateObstetrics & Gynecology 33.22(2013): 1-5.
Reardon, D. "Rape, Incest andAbortion: Searching Beyond the Myths." ElliotInstitute. After Abortion. org (2013).Web.
Rebecca Riffkin, "Fewest Americans Satisfied with AbortionPolicies Since 2001," gallup.com, January 2015, Accessed 14December 2016. Web.
Singh, Susheela, Elena Prada, andFatima Juarez. "The abortion incidence complications method: aquantitative technique." Methodologiesfor estimating abortion incidence and abortion-related morbidity: areview, New York: Guttmacher Institute (2010):71-98.