Abortionrefers to the practice of stopping a developing pregnancy by removingthe fetusor embryo from a woman’s uterus before it is mature or ready forbirth. Abortion isviewedas the most common medical practice in various states such as Texasand the United States. It is,however,important to understand that the act of abortion isundertakenby women from all walks of life. AccordingtoBerer (2014) although abortions are the riskiestmedical procedures globally, more than 40 percent of women affirmtheir participation in terminating a pregnancy at least once in theirreproductive life. Further,Berer (2014) identifies this act as being responsible for more than75 thousand maternal deaths and over 5 million disability casesannually across the globe. Similarly,their two primaryforms of abortions undertaken by women annually: spontaneousabortion, this is often referred to as miscarriage or purposefulabortion. Itoccursas a result of pregnancy inducement. Illegal abortion is the secondbroadform of abortion undertaken by women. It involves the unsafeinducement of pregnancy.Unqualifiedmedical professionals commonly do itwith the fundamentalaim of increasing their income. This form of abortion has largelycontributed to at least 14 percent of premature deaths of women as aresult of severe health complications. It is because of this thatvarious abortion restrictions have beencreatedin differentdeveloped and developing countries across the globe. The principalpurpose of this essay,therefore,is todetermine if the practice of abortion is ethical clearly.In a bid to achieve this, the articlewill identify and discuss the conservative, liberal and moderatepositions regarding the concept of abortion.
Abortionis a primary subject that bases mainly on someethical, social, cultural and legal issues. Selectedpeople openly believe that the ideaof abortion is only but a moral issue. Thatis, it concerns the personhood of the fetus, rights of the unborn andthat of a woman over her body.
Whileabortion rights campaigners seek to ease and improve access toabortion, anti-abortion activistsare out to maintain as well as expand anti-abortion laws. Itis mainly because of this that an ongoing abortion debate on themoral and legal status of induced abortion continues to capture theattention of the public. In the discussion,threemain sides involvedare the moderate position, the conservative place,and the liberal opinion, thus leading to two primaryareasmainlyknown as “pro-life” and “pro-choice.”Despite the strong opposing sides regarding debate, it should beclear that no individual with adequate moral principles is not reallyforabortion unless it isdecriminalized.Whether legal or not, no particular woman enjoys taking part in theact of abortion.
Accordingto the conservative position, human life begins at the moment ofconception. Therefore byterminating pregnancy whatever the stage it is, it can be viewed asan act of murder. Regardless of being a fetus, is still considered asa human being and should be accorded the most fundamentalright the right to life. As a result of this, there exists norigorousjustification of getting rid of an unborn child since God himselfholds the right to do so. By this, it is evident that theconservative position does not entirely permit the act of abortionwhether or not it has substantialground such as rape, the healthrisk of the mother, congenital or genetic deformity. Given this, itcan bearguedthat the conservative position only sees one way out of the practiceof abortion, the birth of the child. However,the argument posed by conservation arealacks a clear and stable foundation since neither the believers nornonbelievers feel obligated to accept the fact that they have noright to practice abortion.
Onthe other hand, the liberal position argues onlife and health status of the mother. According to the position, thelife and health of an actual living woman areof grave importance than that of alikelychild whose fate is yet to be known. That is, the ultimate death ofthe woman or aprospectivemother would not only foster the passingof the unborn child, but it would also destroy the family’sexisting social relationships. For example, in cases of rape thatleads to pregnancy, the liberal position holds that the woman bearsno form of duty or responsibility to go through with the pregnancy.Other than the physical and emotional trauma, forcing a woman to keepan unwanted and unplanned pregnancy could only lead to increasingemotional and economic burdens. According to this particularposition, the concept of the rightto life does not ideally apply to a fetus until it can surviveoutside the maternal womb entirely.Therefore, a great sense of focus and relevance should beplacedon ensuring the safety and general well-beingof the mother.
Themoderate position does not fully satisfy that there is an absolutevalue in the freedom of choice that one has tothe use of their bodies. By this, it can benotedthat the averageposition plays but agoodmiddle ground for both the liberal and conservative position.According to the normalsituation a woman or potential mother has the right and freedom tochoose whether or not they want to undergo an abortion,therefore the right of liberty should not beinterfered.The denial of abortion rights does projectnot only individualrights issue, but also social rights issue. It is because the issueopenly restricts the autonomy of women and limitstheir sense of freedom in ways in which a man’s freedom is notlimited, thereby leading to the struggle forequality among women. According to the reasonableopinion, ahealthysociety should be able to recognize that the rule of law that permitswomen to freely choose whether or not to have abortion tend to bepeaceful and happy, than those that limit themselves to culturalbeliefs on humanity and fails to recognize this particular legalinstruction.
Theposition further notes that bydenying women legal rights to abortion not only contributes to thegrowth and development of illegal termination of pregnancythat threatens the future well-beingof the motherbut also causesvarious elements ofsignificant psychological traumaespecially to women who are victims of violent rape.
Therefore,despite a fetus being biologically human, it is very important thatgreat value and consideration beprojectedon the life and general wellbeing of the carrier of the pregnancy(the woman/mother).
Itis mainly because of the above that I agree with the argumentprojected by the moderate position. It is because the opinion doesnot deny that the practice of abortion is wrong or that a fetus isbiologically human, rather it encourages the society to accept anduphold the rule of law that provideswomen with the rights and freedom to practice abortion especially tocases with solidground such as rape and incest.
Inthe article “Why abortion is immoral” by Don Marquis (1989), thewriter openly rejects the idea of abortion and further relates it tothe art of murder. According to the writer, abortion is merely theart and practice of killing an innocent child without a valid cause.The article further goes to insist that there is a moral way out ofthe trap of unwanted pregnancy and abortion adoption. That is mainlydue to its ability to protect the right of life of both the motherand the unborn child. However, the article fails to clear recognizethat whether the child is put up for adoption, the woman is stillforce to incur emotional and economic burden of caring the unwantedpregnancy for nine months
Further,in the dubbed, “On the moral and legal status of abortion” byMary Anne Warren (2016), one in every woman within the society hassecretly had an abortion by the age of 45. That is as a result of theincreased stereotypes surrounding this concept under discussion. Thewriter further argues that it is of moral value for women to end thelife or terminate a pregnancy if it is done on the best interest of achild. For example, if an infant is believed to have severe physicalanomalies and its life predictably very short or full with a lot ofmiseries, it is of emotional and financial importance that itspregnancy be terminated.
Becauseof this, the article openly urges the public to carefully reconsidertheir moral standing on the rights of women and that of the nonhumanbeing (fetus). It is mainly because of this that I choose to agreewith the argument tabled by the article.
Flores,V., (2016) abortion is a social goodsolet’s start treating it like one
Winter,M., (2013) My abortion:
warren,A. M., (2016) On the moral and legal status of abortion. Ed.,Belmont: Wadsworth
Marquis,D., (1989) Why Abortion is Immoral. Journal of philosophy, vol. 86,pp. 183-2002
Berer,M. (2014). National laws and unsafe abortion: the parameters ofchange. ReproductiveHealth Matters,12(24):1–8.