Whatprofessional group has to lead the effort to develop and define theprofession?
Civilengineering deals with construction as a whole. It is one of theprofessions that has a very high employee turnover rate. Given that,it is a sensitive profession, a lot of effort needs to go towards thechoosing of perfect employees for the job. Construction involvespeople from different career groups with civil engineers being themost of the group. A look at the building of a road. This will entailurban planners who will determine how appropriate the road will be.After the construction is complete, then the people in the electricengineering department take over with the installations and wiring ofthe complete construction. Personality and organizational commitmentplay a large role in ensuring the professionalism of the work and thedisplay of good decision-making skills. When one is on site, theyneed to make a quick decision ones in a while putting in mind thedanger that the building they are doing holds.
Oneof the professional groups has defined civil engineering as “theprofession in which a knowledge of the mathematical and physicalsciences gained by study, experience, and practice is applied withjudgment to develop ways to utilize, economically, the materials andforces of nature for the progressive well-being of humanity increating, improving and protecting the environment, in providingfacilities for community living, industry and transportation, and inproviding structures for the use of humanity.”
Review,analyze and evaluate the two definitions, characterize at a highlevel the differences between the two regarding five learningobjectives and support your reasoning.
Inclass, a variation of that definition was given, “is the profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical, socialand physical sciences gained by study, experience, and practice isapplied with judgment and decision-making using policies, plans andprocesses to develop ways to utilize, economically, the materials andforces of nature to sustainably deliver projects for the progressivewell-being of humanity in creating, improving and protecting theenvironment, in providing facilities for community living, industryand transportation, and in providing structures for the use ofhumanity in a manner that meets or exceeds stakeholder(s) (asdefined) expectations thereby earning social trust and gainingrecognition as environmental stewards”.
Differentorganizations have different cultures and different commitments. Whenit comes to civil engineering, a decision made on the site may savethe whole project as compared to one made in an office meeting. Forsome professions, it is the other way around. It is, however, sadthat the civil engineering profession has not been given as muchintellectual study when it comes to organizational commitment andpersonality traits. The importance of personality traits in thedepartment is the need to get people with a certain trait and thosethat will match up the profession perfectly. Human beings have thetendency to let emotions run their school of thought which lateraffect the whole project. An example is when construction isunderway, and there are people in an unsafe location surrounding thebuilding. It takes someone with a certain personality to talk tothese people, lure them to safety and to ensure that no mistakehappens during the construction of the building. Accidents occurevery day during construction, but the safety committee has ensuredminimal accidents. Apart from completing a building or a road, aproject is considered a success if there were no accidents during theconstruction period.
Thereare five different sets of individuals that one needs to know whendealing with organizational commitment: Extraversion is the kind ofindividual who has a keen interest in the outside world. These peoplehave features like being friendly, have lots of energy and seek a lotof excitement. The thrill that surrounds the profession is what keepsthem going. These people have the ability to make it big in theprofession because of their willingness to take a risk and protectingeveryone around them. They ensure that everyone is safe and can makegreat team leaders on site. The disadvantage of people in this groupis that as they think of everyone else, they forget about themselvesand mostly end up in danger. The greater good is the most importantthing to them.
Agreeablenessare the people who follow all the rules. They are compliant and willtry as much as possible to follow the rules like it is the law. Theyare very respectful and get along with other people. These kinds ofpeople will make it easily on a construction site. This is becausethey will follow all the safety rules, everyone will have theirsafety gear and will ensure that all measures have been found outbefore anything happens. These kinds of people are best involvedduring the board room meetings to ensure no one forgets anything.They are the best people to find out if there is something else thatneeds to be done before the construction starts. The papers will allbe in place, and they will take their time to visit the site andreport anything that does not look proper.
Theconscientiousness personality is very keen and analytical. Thesepeople tend to be the most responsible when it comes to theprofessionalism of the job. They are known for their good managementskills as they always want things to be perfect and can be describedloosely as ‘control freaks.` Looking at this personality trait, itis not advisable to place them together with the extraversionpersonality because of their extremes. One is a perfectionist, andthe other is an adventure seeker. The conscientiousness personalityengineer is best placed in an office or looking for other sites toget other jobs done. The performance will be much better in the fieldwithout them around.
Neuroticismincludes people who easily get anxious and depressed. They are quickto anger and can easily hate the people around him. These people arehard to work with in the field. They will fail to warn others of anupcoming danger or get furious if someone doesn`t believe thembecause of their anxiety. They tend to overreact and take a while tocalm down. The advantage is that in the face of real danger they willshout and get angry about it which will mean they get the attentionthey want. That way they will save lives. These people are notexcellent in the office environment because if the team does notagree with them, they might create a scene that would have beenavoided. They work best under instructions to deliver a certain job.
Opennessto experience: These people are open to learning new things andadopting a new culture. They are perfect in any field. They can comeup with new ideas and plans that will improve the profession as awhole.
Researchand identify the Professional engineering requirements for threestates of your choice, one from the eastern seaboard, Pacific Coast,and Midwest.
Civilengineering is characterized by continuous and disciplined knowledgeof six schools of thought. These are mathematics, physical sciences,applied sciences, economics material and force of nature. All theseskills are gained through studying and experience. One needs to applyeverything that they have studied in order to make it in the jobindustry. Civil engineering as per this definition cannot be gainedor inherited from one person to the other. The profession requireseach one to attend classes and go out in the field to become betterat it. Civil engineers are expected to work with natural forces ofnature like tsunamis, earthquakes and floods in mind even in an areathat is not prone to such calamities. A site manager will ensure allthese things are put in place before the beginning of work.
Civilengineering has the capacity for disciplined development integratedapplication of different disciplines. Before a building is put up,the sand and the equipment that will go into doing the job will belooked at in depth and also to ensure that these things are perfect,the measurement of the earths proneness to disaster is measured andcalculated. These calculations help the engineers to determine howdeep the foundation will be to sustain any kind of disaster and toavoid anyone getting hurt. Civil engineering can provide affordablehousing for people who cannot afford it. The creativity of providingsafe homes for everyone is something one admires. The infrastructurethat comes out of some constructions looks like a miracle. Civilengineers sometimes have to work closely with designers andarchitecture. They find a way of bringing reality into a dream.Architects are very creative people but for an engineer to bring outwhat someone else puts in a paper is a great talent. Civilengineering combines the creativity of an architect and the skill ofan artist.
Subquestions:What is the name of the Board that regulates civil engineers? What isthe name of the code that the Board uses? Are they certifications orregistrations? Do they use the title registered civil engineer? Ifnot, why not in your opinion?
Civilengineering is a profession that involves teamwork. People cannotwork alone in a project. Before one gets on site, there is a processthat involves other professionals other than engineers. As mentionedabove there are architects, urban planners, artists and sometimes thegovernment. The team on the site can involve a site manager, thebuilders, and other professionals that at the end of the day ensurethe coming up of a site. Engineering has many characteristics of aprofession and the practitioners. There are other businessprofessions that ensure everything else works well. These are peoplein the human resource management, corporate communication, andmarketing department. The other professions that have a lot of impacton engineers are lawyers who defend the law of the land. The level ofsatisfaction that comes with a complete building is the kind ofsatisfaction that engineers appreciate.
Whatis the standard of care/performance for the professional engineer inyour three-state sample? Explain what you mean by expertise andqualifications for design and project management.
Civilengineering executes such programs and delivers such projects in asustainable manner that impacts lives positively. The building of aroad impacts the lives of all the people who use that road. The roadusers are not all the same but benefit from it. This encourages theengineers to continue with the profession despite the dangers thatcome with it. The field can sometimes be taught because of the laborbut the satisfaction experienced after a hard day’s work iseverything to an engineer.
Professionalismcomes in different setups. Engineering combines trust andstakeholders satisfaction in both the boardroom. As defined in class,a profession refers to a group pursuing a learned art as a commoncalling in the spirit of public service—no less a public servicebecause it may incidentally be a means of livelihood. The Pursuit ofthe learned art in the spirit of a public service is the primarypurpose.The civil engineering community must continuously renewits identity to stay up-to-date and relevant and to shape itsprofession`s standards and requirements. The engineering professionalis the steward of the engineering profession, and as such claimslegitimate authority over key the features that make up theprofession.
Discussthe three key features of the civil engineering projects, giveexamples from the class and support your reasoning. The analysis mustaddress the issues of maintaining integrity and adequacy of thedesign throughout a variety of project phasing modes and at any depthof sub-phasing through the contract packaging level down to theindividual work packages
Thethree key factors of civil engineering are its ability to stay up todate with modern culture and modern technology. Civil engineering haschanged over the centuries all over the world. There are places wherehouses were made using choral reefs, and now houses are build usingmetal and stone. Technology has improved over the years withscientists coming up with new methods of making things last longer.The profession requires one to renew themselves as often as possible.An engineer who learned the craft fifty years ago is different fromone who learns the craft today. Fifty years ago one only needed tounderstand a certain part of the profession that involved the actualwork. As the world discovers new things, so does the world of civilengineering. People are learning other things that are used in theindustry. Fifty years ago imports required one to be there physicallybut today one can order things and wait for the delivery at thecomfort of your country. This is the same with civil engineeringequipment. There are new soft wares and applications that were notavailable for use in the past. Things that help with structuralanalysis like artificial neural networks. These devices make iteasier for a civil engineer to calculate things in the field. Thesedays’ structural problems are sorted out easily by using neuralnetworking systems. The process involves a graphic interpretation ofhow everything works is presented which is closely followed up by adiscussion on the way forward. The primary concepts come into playbecause for every civil engineering project, the basics always comeinto play. These concepts are taught in school and also taught in thefield. During training period one learns the concept in two stages,and by the end of the program, it is possible to use and apply newtechnology to engineering. They will also ensure a successfuldevelopment of other soft wares which will help the future of civilengineering as a whole. (Flood & Kartam, 2013).
Professionalstandards improve with time. This does not only involve civilengineering but other markets that affect civil engineering likeurban planning. There are building rules that have to be followed toensure the safety of the people who will occupy the area. Homes thatare built close to the airport must be of a certain height so thatthey don`t interfere with the airplanes. This also involves thedistance between the houses and the airport. The airport space shouldbe taken seriously to avoid any accidents. This is the same with theoil factories and other dangerous industries. Looking at a gasexplosion that happened in 2015 that left two people injured, it is alesson that people structures should have some space to ensure thatthere is no instant spread. More than ten homes had to be evacuatedbecause of the gas leakage. (LeNeveu &Coalition, 2015). Whenplanning the structure of homes that are going to be close by it isimportant to put things like gas in mind to avoid gas leakageaccidents. The wiring of the building is done in a certain way thatthe building is safe from electric started fires. With new technologyin the other engineering departments, it is good to align them toavoid any mishaps.
Buildingshave been coming up even in different places people did not thinkthey could. Human beings and architects have broad minds that createnew ideas every day. These ideas will be executed by a civil engineerwho will have to sit and see if it’s possible. Before houses andsuch structures have been built on land but with places like the Dohaand Portland producing floating hotels and Manzoni having underwaterhotel structures (Branson, Leung, Espinal, Mogaji, Campbell &Quintela, Company history), it is evident that people in theprofession do not have a day of sleep. The technology world in Chinais under so much pressure to produce and come up with new things thatthey do not leave their offices. Instead of going home after a hardday’s work, the technology sector in China focuses on providingbunk beds for the technology teams. Information technology is themost intense work in China because of the kind of expectations fromother clients in the market. (Pun & Chan, 2013). Civil engineersthen receive the next load of creating a reality into a dream. Mostof the structures in first world cities look like structure thatcould not have been imagined. This was because the civil engineersworked through it, calculating every single possibility and how tocome up with the building. This is not just for official structuresbut even in the amusement parks for children. The buildings should becleared for safety so that the rides are built.
Research,identify and evaluate three examples of current certificates offeredby a civil engineering professional society
TheCalifornia Engineers License is one of the bodies that govern andprovides licensing to different engineers including civil engineers.They have a process on how one can apply for the license whichfollows the professional engineer`s act and the board rules. One mustprovide an Accreditation from the Accreditation board of engineeringand technology. Before one gets this license, they needed to havecompleted the engineering course and followed all professionalrequirements to get the license. Depending on the school one went tothey need to provide an approved corporative work study engineeringcurriculum. This is to ensure that one studied for the license theyare asking for. Some learning institutions may be providing the wrongkind of curriculum, and this has sometimes prevented engineers fromgetting their licenses. A post graduate curriculum should then beprovided to ensure the individual have the right capacity of the mindto handle the job. A civil engineer refers to a person who holds avalid license in the branch of civil engineering which is defined inthe codes. There are fees that one pays for structural engineering, alicense for professional engineer, California special civilengineering surveying, and other engineers. The certificates areprovided with the order of application which means the sooner oneapplies for it, the sooner they get their copy. The copies are signedby the chairman of the board and sealed to ensure it is legit. Thebottom border of the certificate indicates it`s from the state ofCalifornia and the Center is the licensee`s name. The certificate iscomplete with the number of certificate or authority and the branchof engineering that has been licensed.
Developa concept of such specialty certifications for a civil engineeringapproach to project management. Explain what you mean by expertiseand qualifications for design and project management.
Everyengineer who has applied for such a certificate is required toprovide an address within thirty days after any change of address.This notification shall be done in writing. The board states thatevery engineer or land surveyor shall only perform any dutiesaccording to the license that they applied for. An engineer foundpracticing away from his area shall be questioned. The engineer uponreceiving this certificate will be considered fully competent andproficient in their area of expertise.
Theboard that regulates civil engineers are certification. They do notuse the title registered engineer because of the definition abovethat states that an engineer is only considered as such if they areregistered and licensed. When one has that title, they areregistered. An engineer who is still in school or has not been giventhe license is not considered an engineer yet. This is the same asthe accounting body CPA. One is only considered a CPA-K if theycomplete the parts of CPA and have registered in the CPA body intheir states. The engineering body has long been efficient when itcomes to definitions of the profession. The method has also beenviewed as a challenge to the upcoming civil engineers. The end ofeducation does not mean one has automatically earned the title. Civilengineering is a difficult profession, and it is not possible for asuccessful student to stop at the graduation day. Pursuing a higherlearning and applying for the license means they can practice thethings they learned in school and even provide the various routinesthat one needs to follow before putting up a structure. The crucialexam also gives an engineer the opportunity to interact with otherpeople within the field and to prevent any professional fraud.
Thethree states all have the same process of application for a license.Qualification in this process means that one went through all theeducation purposes and had completed any papers they needed to do.These papers include exam papers and other assignments that wouldhave been required to complete for graduation purposes. A civilengineer will only be given the title after the license is provided.The requirement is that one has to provide the different academicpapers to prove that they have completed the first part towardsbecoming a professional engineer. Expertise is an engineer who hasbeen on the field and has practiced. This can be under anotherengineer, and it is like going through an internship program to learnthe craft from a practical point of view. For the profession to keepflourishing, the professional engineers should mentor the fresh onesso that some of the new things learned are not lost. An example ofother engineers getting involved with other professions is theengineers who were in charge of the Challenger rocket in 1978. Therocket was not supposed to take off due to the effects of temperatureto the O-ring. The O-ring needed to be fully expanded to ensure thetightness of the closed engine which was supposed to prevent theexplosion of the rocket. NASA was going through some organizationalproblems due to some past fails which gave the media an opportunityto write new stories. The government was also expecting a rocket tofly as soon as possible and the engineer was telling them that thetemperature is not sufficient for taking- off. (Fields, 2011). Thiscase was geared towards the engineers of the project who withevidence had advised against the takeoff. This also applies to civilengineering which is intertwined with other professions. A landsurveyor will advise on a structure depending on the kind ofstructure required.
Discussvalue and quality in project management using materials from theclass. Who determines value? Quality?… what is the relationshipbetween the two
Engineeringbodies apart from the licensing offer other recognition andcertificates when an engineer increases his education levels. Thesebodies take the civil engineer through a rigorous process and providean excellence certificate which increases the civil engineers trustto the working world. A concept that would work for such engineers isthat which involves experience. An engineer who has worked forfifteen years is better than an engineer who has worked for one year.For such a license to be approved, the engineer should be able toprovide professional support as shown in his or her experience.
Integrityis the first order of business when one wants to perform a perfectengineering project. This is because structures involve human lives.Integrity means an engineer follows all the rules that come withconstruction to ensure safety first. In order to save some money,engineers and people in other professions have been known to makesome cuts that eventually cost them lives. These are simple thingslike every construction worker having the required safety gear toavoid accidents on site and beyond. Using the right kind of materialto ensure the building is strong and stable enough. There is fakematerial which people have taken up, and they cause problems in thefuture. Integrity saves lives and saves professions. Engineers areconsidered heroes because of the harm they can prevent. Recently anengineer in Japan came up with a bed that sinks into safety during atsunami or earthquake. Japan being a vulnerable country when it comesto tsunamis means that is something that is relevant to them.
Valueand quality of material
Thevalue of the material being used is determined by the civil engineer.It depends on the kind of structure that is being put up. Thisprocess involves other people who work together with the engineers asa whole.
Branson,A., Leung, B., Espinal, C., Mogaji, L., Campbell, M., & Quintela,S. Company
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Flood,I., & Kartam, N. (2013). Neural networks in civil engineering. I:Principles and
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LeNeveu,D. M., & Coalition, M. E. J. (2015). Potential Impacts of theEnergy East Pipeline on
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Pun,N., & Chan, J. (2013). The spatial politics of labor in China:Life, labor, and a new
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