Thetype of energy that a country chooses to use determines its abilityto advance economically without polluting the environment. Countriesmay choose to use renewable or non-renewable sources of energy. Thereis a general perception that the non-renewable sources, which includethe fossil fuels, are cheap and reliable (Wadud, Zaman, Rabbee &Rahman, 2013). This has resulted in the overuse of fossil fuels, andunder-investment in renewable alternatives. In this paper differentenergy choices will be discussed. The paper will focus on the primarysources of emission similarities as well as differences in fuelsources between U.S. and China, consumption, and emission countries`levels of involvement in emission regulation regulation in thehigh-demand nations and how countries can address their culturaldifferences among.
ThePrimary Emission Sources
Thereare many sources of emission, but four of them are more significant.The leading primary source is heat and energy production, whichaccounts for 25 % of the total greenhouse gases that are releasedeach year (Environmental Protection Agency, 2016). Emission fromindustry accounts for 21 % of the total greenhouses gases whileagriculture produces 24 %. The transport sector produces a total of14 % of all greenhouse gases that are emitted annually (EPA, 2016).The balance is generated from alternative sources of energy,buildings, and natural catastrophes. Profiles of the agriculture andindustry are of great significance, given the role that the twosectors play in the growth of the country’s economy. Emission fromthe industry is associated with the metallurgical, chemicals, andprocess that involve the transformation of minerals (EPA, 2016). Mostof the emission from the agricultural sector comes from deforestationand cultivation. However, about 20 % of emission from agriculturecomes from soil, biomass, and dead organic matter (EPA, 2016).
Similaritiesand Differences in Sources of Fuel, Emission, and Consumption
Chinaproduces about 4.72 trillion kWh of electric energy annually, whichis 21 % more than what is generated in the U.S. A total of 803.47 and518.77 billion kWh of energy are produced from renewable sources inChina and the U.S., respectively (Gallucci & Horn, 2013). TheU.S. produces a total of 11.11 million bbl/day of crude oil, which isabout three times the amount that is generated in China.
Interms of emission, China is the single largest producer of thegreenhouse gases across the globe. It is estimated that it releasesabout 9.7 billion metric tons of greenhouse gases (including thecarbon dioxide) annually, which represents about 28.6 % of the worldtotal (Gallucci & Horn, 2013). The U.S., on the other hand, emitsabout 5.4 billion tons, which is about 16 % of the world’s total ofgreenhouse gases discharged into the atmosphere each year (Gallucci &Horn, 2013).
Chinaconsumes 4.43 trillion kWh of electric power, which is 7 % more thanthe amount used in the U.S (National Masters, 2016). About 8.2 and18.69 million bbl/day of oil are consumed each year in China and theU.S., respectively. In addition, the U.S. consumes 689.9 billion Cu mof natural gas each year, which is five times more than the quantitythat is used in China (Gallucci & Horn, 2013).
CountriesInvolvement in Regulation of the World’s Emission
Theinternational community has played a key role in pressuring theleading producers of the greenhouse gases to reduce their respectiveemission rates. China and the U.S. have been reluctant to reducetheir emission rates or take the leading role in helping the worldlower pollution. This is attributed to the fact that the majorsources of their emission serve as the key drivers of theirrespective economies. This is confirmed by the U.S. refusal to signthe Kyoto protocol since it could affect its economic growth, in casethe recommended limits were adopted. However, this trend has changedand the U.S. and China have started collaborating, with the objectiveof reducing their emission limits. For example, the presidents ofChina and U.S. made the historic press briefing in 2014 declaringtheir commitment to lower their respective emission rates (The WhiteHouse, 2014). Therefore, the two countries have enhanced theirinvolvement.
Solutionsand Regulations to Be Applied In the High-Demand Countries
Developingcountries (such as China) are now competing with the developed worldin terms of energy consumption. Unfortunately, the largest proportionof their energy contributes to environmental pollution. A shift fromover-consumption of fossil fuels to renewable sources (such as windand solar) is one of the key solutions to the challenge of excessemission of greenhouse gases (Wadud etal.2013). These alternative sources of energy are considered to be safe,clean, and cheaper.
Thehigh-demand nations should also establish strict regulations thatwill set the emission limits for each industry and measures that willreduce the wastage of energy. Moreover, civic education campaignsthat aim to enlighten people on the significance of conserving energywill go a long way in reducing wastage (Wadud etal.2013).
Thehigh-use and low-use nations can collaborate in terms of production,consumption, and regulation of emissions. For example, the excessenergy produced in the low-use countries can be channeled to the gridof the high-use nations (Wadud etal.2013). This will make it possible for countries to meet theirdomestic and industry demands and collaborate in reducing theenvironmental impacts associated with the energy generationactivities.
AddressingDiversity and Cultural Difference Concepts
Oneof the key strategies that countries can use to manage culturaldifferences is the alignment of their diversity programs andstrategic plans. This implies that aspects of cultural differencesshould be included in their partnership strategies (Johnsen, 2014).Similarly, the high-use and low-use countries can acknowledge theirrespective cultural differences when developing the partnershipplans. These countries can learn how to respect each other’scultural values by acknowledging the fact that diversities exist. Byworking together to share opportunities and address their commonchallenges, the low-use and high-use countries will be able tominimize their cultural differences in the long-run.
Energyis among the key drivers of the national economy, but it isassociated with other social issues, including the environmentalpollution. Countries have many options that they can use to drivetheir economies while minimizing the quantity of greenhouse gasesthat they discharge into the atmosphere. Most of the countries usefossil fuels since they believe that they are easy to access and thefact that they are available in large quantities. However, fossilfuels are ranked as the leading causes of environmental pollution outof all available energy options. Countries can collaborate and findsolutions to the menace of greenhouse gas emission. The U.S. andChina are some of the leading countries in the list of the nationsthat emit the largest quantities of greenhouse gases each year.Collaboration between these countries and demonstration of commitmentto limit their emission rates can influence the rest of the countriesin a significant way.
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